An application may need to incorporate information from multiple third-party services. In this case, the application will request the user to "connect", for example, both their Facebook and Twitter accounts.

When this occurs, a user will already be authenticated with the application, and any subsequent third-party accounts merely need to be authorized and associated with the user. Because authentication and authorization in this situation are similar, Passport provides a means to accommodate both.

Authorization is performed by calling passport.authorize(). If authorization is granted, the result provided by the strategy's verify callback will be assigned to req.account. The existing login session and req.user will be unaffected.

  passport.authorize('twitter-authz', { failureRedirect: '/account' })

  passport.authorize('twitter-authz', { failureRedirect: '/account' }),
  function(req, res) {
    var user = req.user;
    var account = req.account;

    // Associate the Twitter account with the logged-in user.
    account.userId =; {
      if (err) { return self.error(err); }

In the callback route, you can see the use of both req.user and req.account. The newly connected account is associated with the logged-in user and saved to the database.


Strategies used for authorization are the same as those used for authentication. However, an application may want to offer both authentication and authorization with the same third-party service. In this case, a named strategy can be used, by overriding the strategy's default name in the call to use().

passport.use('twitter-authz', new TwitterStrategy({
    consumerKey: TWITTER_CONSUMER_KEY,
    consumerSecret: TWITTER_CONSUMER_SECRET,
    callbackURL: ""
  function(token, tokenSecret, profile, done) {
    Account.findOne({ domain: '', uid: }, function(err, account) {
      if (err) { return done(err); }
      if (account) { return done(null, account); }

      var account = new Account();
      account.domain = '';
      account.uid =;
      var t = { kind: 'oauth', token: token, attributes: { tokenSecret: tokenSecret } };
      return done(null, account);

In the above example, you can see that the twitter-authz strategy is finding or creating an Account instance to store Twitter account information. The result will be assigned to req.account, allowing the route handler to associate the account with the authenticated user.

Association in Verify Callback

One downside to the approach described above is that it requires two instances of the same strategy and supporting routes.

To avoid this, set the strategy's passReqToCallback option to true. With this option enabled, req will be passed as the first argument to the verify callback.

passport.use(new TwitterStrategy({
    consumerKey: TWITTER_CONSUMER_KEY,
    consumerSecret: TWITTER_CONSUMER_SECRET,
    callbackURL: "",
    passReqToCallback: true
  function(req, token, tokenSecret, profile, done) {
    if (!req.user) {
      // Not logged-in. Authenticate based on Twitter account.
    } else {
      // Logged in. Associate Twitter account with user.  Preserve the login
      // state by supplying the existing user after association.
      // return done(null, req.user);

With req passed as an argument, the verify callback can use the state of the request to tailor the authentication process, handling both authentication and authorization using a single strategy instance and set of routes. For example, if a user is already logged in, the newly "connected" account can be associated. Any additional application-specific properties set on req, including req.session, can be used as well.